28 Days of Royalty: Daisy Bates

“Pioneer. Leader. Citizen. Daisy Bates: The First Lady of Little Rock.”

Enjoy these short videos below – they give you a great overview of who Daisy Bates was to her community.

“Pioneer. Leader. Citizen. Daisy Bates: The First Lady of Little Rock.”

Daisy Bates was a woman before her time – she, at a time when women were not seen as equals, spoke as a leader and made moves only men were expected to make. I am somewhat familiar with her story – as I grew up in Pine Bluff, Arkansas up until 1998. Daisy Bates vowed to make a difference. She was the president of the Little Rock NAACP chapter. Even when the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education case ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, Arkansas public schools still would not comply with the law. In 1957 Bates aided in creating the Little Rock Nine, a group of nine African American students who would eventually be permitted to attend Central High School in Little Rock. It took President Eisenhower to send federal troops to make this happen. But finally in

Throughout it all, Bates provided these students with moral support and welcomed them into her home. She was an incredible woman who stood shamelessly for the rights of blacks.

Daisy Bates November 11, 1914 - November 4, 1999

Daisy Bates
November 11, 1914 – November 4, 1999

“No man or woman who tries to pursue an ideal in his or her own way is without enemies.”

-Daisy Bates

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Work Cited:

  • bio.com
  • youtube
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28 Days of Royalty: Rosa Parks

5 Things You May Not Know About Rosa Parks (courtesy of History.com):

  1. Parks was not the first African-American woman to be arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus — * There were a few (2-4) others before her
  2. Parks had a prior encounter with the bus driver, James Blake, who demanded she vacate her seat for the white passenger — *He had forced her to vacate the bus once before after she refused to enter through the back door even though she payed her fare at the front door. She vowed to never ride on a bus driven by him again
  3. Parks not giving up her seat was not premeditated — *She states in her autobiography that if she had been paying attention she actually would have never gotten on Blake’s bus, thus there probably wouldn’t have been an issue on that specific day
  4. Parks was not sitting in a whites-only section — *She was sitting in a middle section that was available to African Americans
  5. Parks did not refuse to leave her seat because her feet were hurting — *Physically, she felt just as she felt any other day after a long day’s work. But mentally, she was tired of giving in

View her story below:

Rosa Parks February 4, 1913 - October 24, 2005

Rosa Parks
February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005

“You must never be fearful about what you are doing when it is right.”

“The only tired I was, was tired of giving in.”

“Arrest me for sitting on a bus? You may do that.”

– Rosa Parks

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Work Cited

  • bio.com
  • history.com
  • youtube.com
  • Google images

28 Days of Royalty: Sojourner Truth

Today we continue to recognize trailblazing African Americans. Let’s shine the spotlight on Sojourner Truth…

Sojourner Truth escaped slavery in the late 1820’s with her youngest daughter, leaving the rest of her children behind. Soon after her escape, Truth learned her 5 year-old son had been illegally shipped from New York to Alabama to a slave owner–after New York had abolished slavery in July of 1827. Sojourner fought in court for her son’s freedom and safe return to New York. And she won. This was the first time an African American woman successfully sued a white man in a United States court.

Sojourner Truth is even more well-known for her “Ain’t I a Woman” speech she gave at the Ohio Women’s Rights Convention in 1851. Check it out below, it’s powerful.

Sojourner Truth was a strong women’s rights and civil right activist and believed anything [a white man] could do [people of color, including women] could do just as well, if not better.

Sojourner Truth 1797 - November 26, 1883

Sojourner Truth
1797 – November 26, 1883

“If women want rights more than they got, why don’t they just take them, and not be talking about them.”

“I’m not going to die, I’m going home like a shooting star.”

– Sojourner Truth

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Work Cited

  • bio.com
  • image: success.com (via Google)

28 Days of Royalty: Jackie Robinson

After baseball became segregated in 1889, the Major Leagues had not seen an African American player until Jackie Robinson in 1947. Jackie Robinson was a jack-of-all-trades type of athlete. He excelled at baseball, football, track and basketball; he even was named to the All-American football team. Financial troubles struck Robinson, just as it did in many African American households, causing Robinson to put some dreams and talents on hold. He enlisted himself into the U.S. Army and remained active for two years before getting honorarily discharged.

In 1945 Robinson returned to baseball. He played with the Kansas City Monarchs in the Negro League before being drafted by Brooklyn Dodgers’ president himself, Branch Rickey in 1947. Remember, baseball, the All-American sport, had been segregated for over 50 years. By Robinson accepting the offer to play for the Dodgers, he “pioneered the integration of professional athletics in America,” (jackierobinson.com). His brave participation in a sport where its players and fans hated the color of his skin and acted maliciously towards Robinson and his family because of their “blackness”, challenged the ill beliefs of whites in all of America. Like a true Hall of Fame-r, Jackie Robinson finished off his first year in the Major Leagues with an impressive resume of stats. Despite the cruelty he experienced from opposing teams, like being kicked in his ankles repeatedly by their spiked cleats, Robinson managed to still hit 12 home-runs, have “a league-leading 29 steals” and he walked away with the Rookie of the Year title. I’m curious if their mistreatment of him on the sly was more motivation for Robinson to hit those home-runs so he wouldn’t have to stop and endure discriminatory abuse… What doesn’t kill us, makes us stronger. And what tries to stop us, pushes us harder.

In 1962, Jackie Robinson was inducted into baseball’s Hall of Fame.

Jackie Robinson January 31, 1919 - October 24, 1972

Jackie Robinson
January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972

“I’m not concerned with your liking or disliking me… All I ask is that you respect me as a human being.”

“There’s not an American in this country free until every one of us is free.”

-Jackie Robinson

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I help to change my nation by empowering our young girls and helping them realize their worth. How will you help change your nation? Comment below :)

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Work Cited:

  • jackierobinson.com
  • image: psacard.com (google images)

28 Days of Royalty: Harriet Tubman

Tired of the injustice. Spirit broken by the everyday occurrence of violence & abuse. Fatigued by the fight to keep her family together. Afraid that she would be sold after her former master’s death. It was time to go. To find a better life, North is where she’d flee.

Harriet Tubman was no stranger to hardship and struggle. But by 1849, she had had enough. After her husband refused to escape with her, Tubman set out to find freedom alone, around 90 miles north by way of the underground railroad. She succeed too. But she did not stop there. Tubman returned many times to the dangerous, dirty south with a mission to aid in the freedom of her family members and other slaves via the underground railroad. She became known as the “conductor” of the underground railroad, a complex, secret passageway of supportive households along the route to freedom, that would feed and house runaway slaves. Tubman is often referred to as the Moses of African-Americans,  our leader. In 1851, after the Fugitive Slave Law was passed–that required policemen of the north to help capture runaway slaves and send them back to their owners in the south–Tubman rerouted and helped slaves escape to Canada, where slavery was banned. Once the Civil War broke out, Tubman became a cook, nurse and a spy for the Union Army. Liberating more than 700 slaves in South Carolina, Tubman was the first woman to lead an “armed expedition.”

Harriet Tubman  1820 - March 10, 1913

Harriet Tubman
1820 – March 10, 1913

Watch this short, but influential 3 minute video below (courtesy of the History channel), on Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad.

Harriet Tubman Short Video

“I was the conductor of the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can say what most conductors can’t say; I never ran my train off the track and i never lost a passenger.”

“If I could have convinced more slaves that they were slaves, I could have freed thousands more.”

“Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember, you have the strength, the patience, and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world.”

– Harriet Tubman

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Remember, “every great dream begins with a dreamer” and every success begins with someone who acted upon their dream…

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Work Cited:

  • biography.com
  • video: History Channel | Youtube

xox

28 Days of Royalty: Lewis Howard Latimer

Despite our past or current circumstances, we are capable of greatness.

Don’t believe me? Read on to learn about Lewis Howard Latimer: the son of parents who escaped slavery; a boy who fell into the role of being the man of his mother’s household after his father fled; a man who self-taught himself to draft and bring ideas to realistic forms on paper; and a man who despite all of his tough circumstances, carved out his own path for success.

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Meet Mr. Lewis Latimer…

Born in 1848 to parents who escaped from slavery just six years before, Lewis Howard Latimer grew up for the most part without a father. His father was captured in Boston and trialed as a fugitive. Although his father eventually bought his freedom after his trial, he soon after left his family around the time of the Dred Scott decision in 1857, possibly fearing being captured again. From that day forward, Latimer’s focus was on providing for his mother and siblings. After an honorable discharge from the U.S. Navy during the Civil War, Latimer managed to teach himself a special skill of mechanical drawing and drafting from observing the men at a patent law office where he worked.

The inventions began.

Post-Civil War was all about scientific and engineering advancements. Latimer was promoted to a draftsman and began assisting others in their inventions. One of these inventions included the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell. Latimer worked directly with Bell in drafting the patent of his telephone. He worked with Thomas Edison, as well. “Latimer’s deep knowledge of both patents and electrical engineering made Latimer an indispensable partner to [the] Edison [company] as he promoted and defended his light bulb design,” (biography.com). Throughout it all, Latimer also did some inventing. He redesigned the railroad bathroom car along with an early air conditioner.

Lewis Howard Latimer September 04,1848 - December 11, 1928

Lewis Howard Latimer
September 04, 1848 – December 11, 1928

“For who would live if life held no allurements?”

“Tomorrow may be fair, however stormy the sky of today.”

“We create our future, by well improving present opportunities: however few and small they be.”

– Lewis Latimer

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So what will you do or change today that will help carve out your own or your child’s unique path for success? Share with us below.

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Work Cited:

  • biography.com
  • image: muhammadyungai.com

28 Days of Royalty: Madame C.J. Walker

Determined ♥ Innovative ♥ Inspiring.

Do you have a bright idea that you think can help many people and in the process pay your bills and possibly even send your children to college? Did you give up or slow down on that idea because it was just too difficult, strenuous and/or too time-consuming to achieve? This is perfect for you! Read on and learn about a courageous African-American woman who bravely built her company from the ground up even when all odds were stacked against her and her only daughter.

Born Sarah Breedlove in 1867 on a Louisiana plantation that her parents sharecropped, Madame C.J. Walker would go on to become America’s first self-made female millionaire. Walker became an entrepreneur after suffering from a scalp disorder that resulted in severe hair loss. During the 1890’s, when her hair began to fall out, Walker sought remedies that she hoped would cure her scalp condition. In 1905, Walker began working as a sales agent for Annie Malone, another black female hair product entrepreneur. The sales position relocated Walker to Denver; this move became the catalyst for Walker’s success. There in Denver, she found her third (but short-term) husband Charles Joseph Walker, changed her name to “Madame” C.J. Walker, founded her own hair product business, and began a door-to-door sales hustle of her products. She strategically traveled the deep south to promote and teach interested potential customers how to get the most out of her products. As business picked up, Walker moved to Pittsburgh in 1908 to temporarily run her business and open a beauty college-like establishment to train her sales teams. The actions Walker took in her business were innovative, creative, and avante-garde. In 1910 she had moved her business to the then-largest inland manufacturing area, Indianapolis. There she built a factory, a one-stop shop (hair and nail beauty salon), and another beauty college. Throughout the growth of her “all-things hair and beauty” empire, Walker supported the efforts of black higher education and the civil rights movement. She donated generously to what we know today as Historically Black Colleges & Universities (HBCU’s) and to organizations like the NAACP.

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Madame C.J. Walker December 23, 1867 - May 25, 1919

Madame C.J. Walker
December 23, 1867 – May 25, 1919

“I got my start by giving myself a start.”

“One night I had a dream, and in that dream a big black man appeared to me and told me what to mix up for my hair. I made up my mind that I would begin to sell it.”

“I am a woman who came from the cotton fields of the south. From there I was promoted to the washtub. From there I was promoted to the cook kitchen. And from there I promoted myself into the business of manufacturing hair goods and preparations. I have built my own factory on my own ground.”

– Madame C.J. Walker

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Embarking upon the entrepreneurship path is not an easy one but it is a well-worth-it one. Each individual is born with and acquire through schooling and training special skills and talents. If there is a special something you do well and enjoy doing, take the leap! Be bold and put the fears to the side. Become the entrepreneur you are absolutely capable of becoming. Requirements: Hard-work. Dedication. Time. Persistence. Patience and Positivity. Believe in yourself and your capabilities. Do your homework and research whatever it is to learn more and to stay in the know.

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Work Cited

  • madamecjwalker.com
  • video: WSHH youtube

28 Days of Royalty: W.E.B. Du Bois

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, known simply as W.E.B. Du Bois, was born in Massachusetts on February 23, 1868. He was an intelligent man who stood for equal rights and the advancement of blacks. Coming from a predominately white town and schooling where he was nurtured, received support, and identified himself as a “mullatto”, Du Bois moved to Nashville Tennesse in 1885 to attend Fisk University. If he had ever wondered what it was like to be hated for the mere color of your skin – living in Tennesse provided him with that experience. “For the first time he began analyzing the deep troubles of American racism,” (biography.com).

Du Bois began to focus his attention on the advancement of blacks – through his accomplishments and efforts, his popularity rose significantly over the years.

  • Du Bois became the first African-American to earn a PhD from Harvard University in 1895
  • Du Bois became the first publisher of an African American case study in 1899 with the study The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study** This study was the first significant piece that began his writing career. ** The talented tenth phrase was introduced in this study – which is “a term that described the likelihood of one in ten black men becoming leaders of their race,” (bio.com).
  • Du Bois nationally became known after publicly expressing ill thoughts toward Booker T. Washington’s Atlanta Exposition Speech, or as Du Bois called it, the “Atlanta Compromise”. **Washington believed that in order for blacks to advance, they must focus on getting a vocational education as to help them in the workforce which would then enable them to provide for their family. So he urged blacks to not work towards political goals-leave politics to white people, just as long as the blacks were given opportunities to work and a due process in court – separate but equal was A-ok. Du Bois strongly disagreed; he felt this was yet another method that would keep blacks inferior and dependent (much like sharecropping). He advocated equality, so whatever it was whites did, blacks should have the right to strive for, under the 14th amendment.
  • Author of The Souls of Black Folk
  • He was a known supporter of women’s rights
  • Du Bois co founded NAACP in 1909 and had a big role in the making of the organization’s magazine, The Crisis
  • Later, Du Bois moved to Africa where he also helped in the advancement of African colonies by aiding in their freedom from European rule
  • Du Bois died at the age of 95, on August 27, 1963, one day shy of Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech
W.E.B. Du Bois February 23, 1868 - August 27, 1963

W.E.B. Du Bois
February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963

“The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line.”

“A classic is a book that doesn’t have to be written again.”

– W.E.B. Du Bois

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Work Cited

http://www.biography.com/